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What Is PCOS – Cause, Symptoms And Complications .

on March 25, 2021

Are You Finding Ways To Treat PCOS/PCOD??

To know what diet and lifestyle changes are required in order to control the symptoms of PCOS/PCOD –

“How to Treatment PCOD |PCOD Diet and Health Tips “

 

 

What Is The Full Form of PCOD?

PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovarian Disease. It is also known as PCOS Polycystic Ovary syndrome

What is PCOD?

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is also known as PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome). . It is a problem caused due to hormonal imbalance in women.  It is a very common disease in women between 12 to 45 years of age group. 

The higher level of androgens in females cause unwanted effects on ovulation indirectly causing an irregular menstrual cycle. Further, this can lead to difficulty in conceiving.

PCOS can be seen in both slender or over-weighted females. However, females who have PCOS are at greater risk of being overweight or obese.

Being overweight or obese increases insulin resistance, which is also thought to be a key reason for the development of PCOS and the symptoms of PCOS. Excess weight leads to another health issue which intern support the symptoms of PCOS.

What Are The Initial Symptoms Of PCOD?

Initials phase of PCOD/PCOS shows the following symptoms:

  • Irregularity in the menstrual cycle

  • Unwanted hair growth on face and body

  • Hair thinning on scalp and hair loss

  • Oily skin with acne

  • Pelvic pains

  • Mood swings/depression

What are PCOD/PCOS Major Complications?

  • risk of endometrial cancer

  • Infertility (reduces the chance of having a healthy pregnancy)

  • Obesity(overweight gain) leading to high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes

  • Breast cancer

 How is PCOD/PCOS caused?

There are 2 Reasons for the cause of PCOS-

  • Genetic Factors

  • Hormone Imbalance

Genetic factors

Study shows that about 50% of women who have PCOS inherit it from their immediate female relatives. If the mother has PCOs it very likely that daughter will inherit it. In this case, proper diet exercise, and treatment can help you maintain good health.

Hormone Imbalance

Hormonal imbalance is another cause of PCOS. There are various types of hormonal imbalance. Let us know about it in detail –

  • Insulin Resistance

  • Excess Production Of Androgen

Insulin resistance

Around 85% of the female with PCOS face the problem of resistance to insulin.

 If your body is insulin resistant, the cell does not respond normally to insulin in your body. It does this by blocking the entry of glucose into the cell. This prevents the body to use insulin effectively causing instability in glucose level.

As the body produces more and more insulin. Higher levels of insulin increase the production of androgens in the ovaries.

Insulin resistance is caused because of lifestyle factors such as being overweight, unhealthy diet, or lack of physical activity.

And insulin resistance can also be caused by genetic factors and so women of all weight range can show the symptoms of insulin resistance. It is seen that in females with PCOS, about 95% of those with unhealthy weight have insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance supports the growth of the symptoms of PCOS, so it is important to understand what it is. But it is also important to know that there are ways to reduce and control these symptoms without medication at home.

Excess Production Of Androgen

Androgens are also known as ‘male hormones’. This hormone is normally present in both men and women. But the percentage of this male hormone or androgen is very low in women’s. Androgen is produced in a smaller amount in women’s body which includes blood tissues, ovaries, and adrenal glands. But if there is excess production of androgen in the female body, the body shows abnormal symptoms. Increased levels of androgens in the female body show symptoms of PCOD like excessive body hair growth, scalp hair loss, and acne. This leads to irregular periods due to irregular ovulation.

To know how to manage and control PCOD read:

How to Treatment PCOD |PCOD Diet and Health Tips

PCOD has no permanent cure but it is true that with proper treatment, diet, and healthy living habits it can be brought under control.

It is not a big deal if you get detected with PCOD.

All you have to do is follow a proper diet and inculcate healthy living habits.

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